Troops - Page 1

This illustration depicts a French poilu in full gear.
These French front-line troopers sport the latest in weapons including a light machine gun and grenade launcher (1918).
A Tommy in complete front-line uniform including sheepskin vest (1915).
    British Daily Ration - 1914
  • 20 oz. Fresh or frozen meat, or 16 oz. preserved or salt meat
  • 20 oz. bread, or 16 oz. biscuit or flour
  • 4 oz. bacon
  • 3 oz. cheese
  • 5/8 oz. tea
  • 4 oz. jam
  • 3 oz. sugar
  • 1/2 oz. slat
  • 1/36 oz. pepper
  • 1/20 oz. mustard
  • 8 oz. fresh or 2 oz. dried vegetables
  • 1/10 gill lime juice if vegetable not issued (for scurvey)
  • 1/2 gill rum (at discretion of commanding general)
  • not to exceed 20 oz. tobacco per week
  • 4 oz. oatmeal or rice instead bread
  • 1/3 oz. chocolate instead of tea.
  • 1 pint porter instead of rum
  • 4 oz. dried fruit instead of jam
  • 4 oz. butter, lard, or margarine, or 1/2 gill oil instead of bacon
Typical British gear inluding rifle, gas mask and helmet. Each soldier was expected to carry this 70 pounds of equipment into battle.

Excerpts from the diary of
Lieutenant Charles Sharpe, 1/4th Royal Berkshire Regiment

23 Sept. 1915, Very wet day. I bombarded Huns' wire.
 Other platoons of 'B' Company went into trenches.
 Very wet!
24. Sept. Bombarded Huns. Brought my platoon &
 No. 7 into trenches. Very muddy & wet!
25 Sept. Very wet night. Bombarded wire "8/62"
26 Sept. Patrol from 5th Glos. went out I a.m. One
 officer & I Cpl. killed. Very wet night! Very tired.
27 Sept. 7 p.m. "Wind up" opposite "Buck". Huns
 shout: "Come on, Gloucesters, the Royal Berks led
 the attack!" Spy reported caught in village, dressed
 as English officer. Cold night but fine.
28 Sept. Awful night & very dank. German in front of
 our wire! Huns "wind up" at 4.20 a.m.
29 Sept. Relieved & came to Souastre. Nice billet.
30 Sept. Delightful sleep in bed - the 1st I've seen
 since I left England. Had bath!
11 Oct. Back to trenches. I rode "bike" up to
 Hebuterne - awful thing! Slept at "Poste Cambron"
12 Oct. Day's rest on Keep. Saw 18 aeroplanes bomb
 Achiet-le-Grand station!
13 Oct. Relieved in trenches. Wet - in support trench
14 Oct. Up in fire trench. Collins (10th R. Irish Rifles)
 with me. Rats & mice in dug-out; crawled over me!
16 Oct. Working party in afternoon. London Territorial 
 RFA to tea & lunch, I had lunch early tho'.
 Lilian sent me a lavender bag.
19 Oct. Awful bombardment. 450 Shells but 59 duds on
 us, on left corner of trench.
20 Oct. Left trenches. Saw German - missed him but
 Hesketh Pritchard & snipers had him. New billet - 
Geman infantry uniform early in the war before the decorative pickhaube helmet was replaced with a more functional and protective design (1914).

See also: Wartime Changes to the German Field Uniform 1914-1916
    German Daily Ration - 1914
  • 26 1/2 oz. bread or 17 1/2 oz. field biscuit, or 14 oz. egg biscuit
  • 13 oz. fresh or frozen meat, or 7 oz. preserved meat
  • 53 oz. potatoes, or 4 1/2 oz. vegetables, or 2 oz. dried vegetables, or 21 oz. mixed potatoes and dried vegetables
  • 9/10 oz. coffee, or 1/10 oz. tea
  • 7/10 oz. sugar
  • 9/10 oz. salt
  • 2 cigars and 2 cigarettes, or 1 oz. pipe tobacco, or 9/10 oz. plug tobacco, or 1/5 oz. snuff (at discretion of commanding officer)
  • 0.17 pint spirits
  • 0.44 pint wine
  • 0.88 pint beer
Geman infantry uniform as of 1916 includes the protective metal helmet.
German infantry in the 1914 uniforms near the start of the war.
Geman Uhlans (cavalry) leaving Berlin. Note the cheering crowd (1914).
POW or not, this German is happy to have survived. For him, the war is over (1918).