Troops - Page 1
||This illustration depicts a French poilu in full gear.|
||These French front-line troopers sport the latest in weapons including a light machine gun and grenade launcher (1918). |
||A Tommy in complete front-line uniform including sheepskin vest (1915).|
British Daily Ration - 1914
- 20 oz. Fresh or frozen meat, or 16 oz. preserved or salt meat
- 20 oz. bread, or 16 oz. biscuit or flour
- 4 oz. bacon
- 3 oz. cheese
- 5/8 oz. tea
- 4 oz. jam
- 3 oz. sugar
- 1/2 oz. slat
- 1/36 oz. pepper
- 1/20 oz. mustard
- 8 oz. fresh or 2 oz. dried vegetables
- 1/10 gill lime juice if vegetable not issued (for scurvey)
- 1/2 gill rum (at discretion of commanding general)
- not to exceed 20 oz. tobacco per week
- 4 oz. oatmeal or rice instead bread
- 1/3 oz. chocolate instead of tea.
- 1 pint porter instead of rum
- 4 oz. dried fruit instead of jam
- 4 oz. butter, lard, or margarine, or 1/2 gill oil instead of bacon
||Typical British gear inluding rifle, gas mask and helmet. Each soldier was expected to carry this 70 pounds of equipment into battle.|
Excerpts from the diary of
Lieutenant Charles Sharpe, 1/4th Royal Berkshire Regiment
23 Sept. 1915, Very wet day. I bombarded Huns' wire.
Other platoons of 'B' Company went into trenches.
24. Sept. Bombarded Huns. Brought my platoon &
No. 7 into trenches. Very muddy & wet!
25 Sept. Very wet night. Bombarded wire "8/62"
26 Sept. Patrol from 5th Glos. went out I a.m. One
officer & I Cpl. killed. Very wet night! Very tired.
27 Sept. 7 p.m. "Wind up" opposite "Buck". Huns
shout: "Come on, Gloucesters, the Royal Berks led
the attack!" Spy reported caught in village, dressed
as English officer. Cold night but fine.
28 Sept. Awful night & very dank. German in front of
our wire! Huns "wind up" at 4.20 a.m.
29 Sept. Relieved & came to Souastre. Nice billet.
30 Sept. Delightful sleep in bed - the 1st I've seen
since I left England. Had bath!
11 Oct. Back to trenches. I rode "bike" up to
Hebuterne - awful thing! Slept at "Poste Cambron"
12 Oct. Day's rest on Keep. Saw 18 aeroplanes bomb
13 Oct. Relieved in trenches. Wet - in support trench
14 Oct. Up in fire trench. Collins (10th R. Irish Rifles)
with me. Rats & mice in dug-out; crawled over me!
16 Oct. Working party in afternoon. London Territorial
RFA to tea & lunch, I had lunch early tho'.
Lilian sent me a lavender bag.
19 Oct. Awful bombardment. 450 Shells but 59 duds on
us, on left corner of trench.
20 Oct. Left trenches. Saw German - missed him but
Hesketh Pritchard & snipers had him. New billet -
||Geman infantry uniform early in the war before the decorative pickhaube helmet was replaced with a more functional and protective design (1914).|
See also: Wartime Changes to the German Field Uniform 1914-1916
German Daily Ration - 1914
- 26 1/2 oz. bread or 17 1/2 oz. field biscuit, or 14 oz. egg biscuit
- 13 oz. fresh or frozen meat, or 7 oz. preserved meat
- 53 oz. potatoes, or 4 1/2 oz. vegetables, or 2 oz. dried vegetables, or 21 oz. mixed potatoes and dried vegetables
- 9/10 oz. coffee, or 1/10 oz. tea
- 7/10 oz. sugar
- 9/10 oz. salt
- 2 cigars and 2 cigarettes, or 1 oz. pipe tobacco, or 9/10 oz. plug tobacco, or 1/5 oz. snuff (at discretion of commanding officer)
- 0.17 pint spirits
- 0.44 pint wine
- 0.88 pint beer
||Geman infantry uniform as of 1916 includes the protective metal helmet.|
||German infantry in the 1914 uniforms near the start of the war.|
||Geman Uhlans (cavalry) leaving Berlin. Note the cheering crowd (1914).|
||POW or not, this German is happy to have survived. For him, the war is over (1918).|