EMail Interview with About.com
Guide Robert Wilder
With Trip-Wire Editor Mike Hanlon March 2010
1. Greetings Robert, could you tell us about your background and how your were chosen to be About.com's expert on European History?
RW: I've had an interest in European history from a young age, and went to
Sheffield University to study a deliberately wide syllabus, mixing some archaeology and folklore in with the history. I specialised in medieval history for my MA, but had to take a course on website creation as part of the
requirements. This really opened my mind to the web, and when I searched
for a job I applied to About.com. They were looking for someone who could
cover the broad sweep of Europe, liked my qualifications and test
articles, and I got the job. I intend to return to university and get my doctorate. A few years ago I'd have targeted a medieval subject, but having had the freedom to cover Europe widely I'm in the process of reconsidering--WW1 is one potential subject.
2. As we approach the centennial of the start of the First World War our organizations are trying to identify how the events of 1914-1918 helped shape the world of today. What are your thoughts on that?
RW: I think the war helped to shape the twentieth century to a greater
extent than any other event. To start with, you have the origins of the
two great power blocs which would win the Second World War and fight the
Cold War. Tsarist Russia may have collapsed eventually anyway, but it was
the war which toppled it and ushered in the first socialist revolution,
and the results of that are still with us in China. Equally, the US took a
major step towards becoming a global superpower as west Europe declined
and the US rose, growing into its current dominant position.
While I don't believe the end of World War 1 made World War 2 and all
consequent developments inevitable, it certainly enabled them to happen,
and you had the transformation of central Europe from empires into young
democracies which would prove fertile ground for dictators. These
countries and democracies reappeared after 1945 and 1989, shaped modern
Europe and will continue to as they join the EU. You also had the collapse
of the Ottoman Empire and renewed western influence in the Middle East,
which would lead - although I'm sure people would argue the extent - into
the current problematic situation.
While I think the last few years have changed the political situation to a
step away from the war, the conflict seems closely bound up with changes
in society which are still present, such as the step forward in women's
votes. Modern war was certainly ushered in with the first tanks and,
perhaps of greater important for the ways in which the west now fights,
3. How do you reply to inquiries from young people who wonder why it's necessary to study history in general, or why Americans should be interested in European History?
RW: The obvious cliché is that you need to study history to understand the
world around you, but I think it's very true. I'd also hope young people
would find the events of history to be as exciting and tragic, dramatic
and thought provoking as any novel, film or computer game.
In terms of the second part of your question, with the history of modern
America you start with waves of European immigration, through a founding
war where Europeans fought on both sides, and through more immigration.
Europe is thus closely tied to the formation of the US, and I think you
need to understand both. America has gone a long way to inventing a
culture which is now being adopted by Europe, there's still a lot within
it that comes from Europe originally. In terms of World War 1, I'm not
sure Americans need a better reason to study it than the involvement of US
soldiers, but as a shift in power and the rise to superpower status of the
US partly occurred during conflicts on European soil then those European
wars ought to be understood by Americans.
Robert Wilde's World War I Portal
(click on image to visit)
4. Let's look at history as biography - Which personalities of the Great War most interest you? What are some of your favorite biographies, memoirs, etc.?
RW: In terms of personality, Kaiser Wilhelm is an interesting figure,
outwardly very martial and proud to be at the forefront of this
belligerent cultural ideal, but he almost retreats when the war begins and
ends up as a figurehead. You might have expected him to have a greater
input, if not try to mimic ancestors like Frederick 'the Great'. In terms
of biographical works and memoirs, I love the poems of Wilfred Owen. As
expressions of one man's terror, sadness and anger they are masterpieces,
and as records of someone's wartime experiences they are vital in our
understanding of the war. Rightly or wrongly they shaped the modern
impressions of WW1 and while I understand people who grow frustrated with
them as giving a false impression, I think they're powerful enough to
demand to be read.
5. Thank you for recommending some of the Websites we produce and
maintain. What is missing in the subnetwork of WWI websites that you
would like to see added for students and researchers?
RW: The internet is a great multi-media resource, so I'd like to see more film
footage online, for free. While I still have faith that students read -
and you do see the reports of them trying not to! - I think film footage
is a great way to illustrate events and really give students a solid image
of what was happening, however staged the footage might be. Obviously it
would need the context explained, but I'd loved to see more documentaries
or just archive footage put online. For researchers, I'm not sure you'd
want to stop the need to travel and explore archives, but as quite a few
sets of records have been destroyed by war in the past, getting copies
online at different servers around the world may help, assuming they're
not made obsolete by technology in a decade.
6. I have a theory that when time travel is finally invented (a long
time from now) that it will become part of the tourism industry. If
you could travel back to the World War I time window, what would you
most like to observe from a safe point, of course?
RW: I'd like to select something personal, and that's to visit my great
grandfather. He had an atypical wartime experience: he was Hungarian, but
moved to Britain and settled with a family in the decades before the war.
However, he never obtained British citizenship and was interned as a
potential enemy during the conflict. His family had been fairly well off
beforehand, but spent all their money surviving without him, and life had
changed greatly for them after. I was never old enough to speak to my
grandmother about her experiences - she was a child when this happened -
so the whole episode is frustratingly out of reach. I'd love to be able to
speak with him, learn his feelings at what happened and what he thought of
the broader war.
|On behalf of the Great War Society, thank you Robert for participating in this interview and for your tremendous body of work stimulating interest in the study of history and the events of 1914-1918. MH
Visit Robert Wilde's Blog here for his running commentary on European History.
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