Centennial Wrap

I'd like to wish all of our readers a wonderful Christmas and happy 2019. Thanks again for your loyal readership. Look for a New Look in the St. Mihiel Trip-Wire next year. MH

Presenting the 144th Issue of Our
Monthly Magazine of the First World War
Our Final Issue
All of our back issues with many special extra features on CDs can now be purchased.
(Click Here for Ordering Information)

Despite my retirement from the business, there will still be possibilities for you to visit the battlefields of the Great War.


AEF Battlefields
From: Valor Tours, Ltd. / Mike Grams, Tour Leader
When: September 2019
Details: Request brochure at Email HERE.

Comprehensive Western Front Tour
From: Orinda CA, Travel / Frank Jordan, Tour Leader
When: 19 May – 1 June 2019
Details: Download trip flyer HERE.

Click on the Image to Visit

On the Proposed League of Nations

A product of men who want everyone to float to heaven on a sloppy sea of universal mush.

Theodore Roosevelt Letter to Rudyard Kipling

Portrait of the Month

President Woodrow Wilson

He was the man of the hour at war's end. See the article below.

The Fighting Didn't End on
Armistice Day

Fighting was still going on all over the world after Armistice Day, and other conflicts, triggered by the events of the Great War were about to break out.

The Russian Civil War

The Allied Intervention in Russia

The Baltic Wars of Liberation

Revolutions and Interventions in Hungary

Greco-Turkish War

Soviet-Polish War

Lithuanian-Polish War

A Number from the Great War

War deaths of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. (Source: Center European Robert Schuman)

Purchase My AEF Battlefield Guide
An Electronically Delivered 28-page PDF Document for $14.99
A Concise Summary of the Major U.S. Military Operations of the War with Illustrations, Maps, and GPS Navigational Aids
(Click Here for Ordering Information)

U.S. Centennial Organizations & Resources

Support's Centennial Effort
Shop at

The Centennial Ticker

Images of America's 100th Armistice Day

Southern California WWI Centennial Task Force Armistice program at the Hollywood Post 43 American Legion

The U.S. Marine Corps Band at Arlington National Cemetery

Visiting Fort Defiance Military Cemetery (Navajo Times)

A Local Delegation Visiting the U.S. Somme Cemetery, Bony, France

Army E-4 Pierre Delaney of Dorchester, MA, stationed at Fort Devens, and his 2-year-old son, Ryan, watched the Veterans Day Parade in Boston

Bells of Peace Remembrance at Minnesota Square Park

President Trump on Behalf of the American People Presents a Flag to Major General William Matz, Secretary of the American Battle Monuments Commission

Centennial Commemoration Service at the National Cathedral, Washington, DC

St. Cloud, MN, Veterans Day Parade

December 1918
President Wilson Travels to Europe and Receives a Tumultuous Welcome

President Wilson and French President Poincaré, Paris,
14 December 1918

On 4 December 1918, President Woodrow Wilson departed from Washington to embark on the first European trip by an American chief executive. After nine days at sea aboard the S.S. George Washington, a German-built passenger liner interned in New York at the start of World War I, Wilson arrived in Brest, France, and traveled to Paris.

The German magazine Der Spiegel described the reception he received in Paris:

As a man who was promising freedom, self-determination and eternal peace, it was no surprise that he was welcomed and celebrated as a savior in Europe. Herbert Hoover, who would later become president and managed food exports to Europe under Wilson, wrote: "Woodrow Wilson had reached the zenith of intellectual and spiritual leadership of the whole world, never hitherto known in history."

His first stop was Paris. Edith Wilson, who was at her husband's side, as always, could hardly believe what she saw, noting: "Paris was wild with celebration. Every inch was covered with cheering, shouting humanity. The sidewalks, the buildings, even the stately horse-chestnut trees were peopled with men and boys perched like sparrows in their very tops. Roofs were filled, windows overflowed until one grew giddy trying to greet the bursts of welcome that came like the surging of untamed waters."

The loyal Hoover was equally enthusiastic, writing: "No such man of moral and political power and no such an evangel of peace had appeared since Christ preached the Sermon on the Mount. It was the star of Bethlehem rising again.".

The Lord Mayor of London Escorts the President
on His Official Welcome to the City

Christmas day he traveled to AEF General Headquarters at Chaumont for his only official contact with the troops during his time in Europe. He was greeted by General Pershing on his arrival, visited the soldiers in their quarters, and was treated to a Presidential Review of the 26th Yankee Division, which was quartered nearby.

After his initial visit and meetings in France, the President visited the other major Allies' homelands. He visited with Prime Minister Lloyd George and King George V and toured Great Britain between the holidays, returned to Paris for the New Year, and then left for a week in Italy, where he received another stunning welcome. During this time Wilson met with King Vittorio Emanuele III and Prime Minister Orlando and had an audience with Pope Benedict XV at the Vatican.

President Wilson with King Vittorio Emanuele III in Rome

From Der Spiegel:

The Wilsons' second stop was London. They had been warned that the British would undoubtedly behave with more reserve during the first official visit of an American president. Prime Minister Lloyd George viewed Wilson with some mistrust, rightfully assuming that this new power posed a greater threat to the future of the British Empire than the German Empire had ever done. Nevertheless, Wilson was greeted with as much applause in London as on the streets in Paris. Shortly after they had arrived in their rooms in Buckingham Palace, King George V and Queen Mary sent a message to the presidential couple that the crowd outside the palace had grown so large that they would have to make a joint appearance on the balcony.

Rome, stop three, was the apotheosis. The Wilsons were showered with white roses. Wilson's bodyguard, Secret Service agent Edmund Starling, wrote: "The reception in Rome exceeded anything I have ever seen in all my years of witnessing public demonstrations. The people literally hailed the President as a god – the God of Peace."

Afterward, President Wilson returned to Paris for the start of the peace conference, little realizing that his popularity, influence, and reputation had crested and were soon to decline dramatically.

Sources: "WWI and America's Rise as a Superpower," Der Spiegel Online, 24 January 2014; the National Archives

Click on Title to Access Story
An Irish Family Receives Their Uncle's U.S. Purple Heart

The War in the Words of Nurse Agatha Christie, Torquay Red Cross Hospital

How a Band of Americans Helped Feed Millions

These Coins Stopped a Bullet and Saved a Soldier's Life (Great Photo)

What Germans Said About the Americans

45 Most Powerful Images Of World War I

Sunken WWI Cruiser Given War Grave Status

How WWI Ushered in a Century of Oil

In Search of “Black Jack” Pershing

Thanks to each and every one of you who has contributed material for this issue. Until our next issue, your editor, Mike Hanlon.
(Or send it to a friend)

Design by Shannon Niel
Content © Michael E. Hanlon