A beautiful, hill town and major seaport at the top of the Adriadic, Trieste was the principal strategic objective of the Italian Army in the Great War. Eleven major offensives were mounted from 1915 to the fall of 1917 in hopes of capturing the city. The Austro-Hungarian powers never allowed their advesaries to get close, however, until Italian naval units arrived in the last days of the war.
Trieste had been offered to Italy by the Entente poweres as an incentive for entering the war through the Treaty of London. Long a center of the Irredentist [Unredeemed Italy] Movement, it was annexed by Italy in 1919, claimed by Yugoslavia after World War II and made a free territory under United Nations in 1947. The entire province was the subject of a 1954 treaty between the two countries with Italy receiving the city of Trieste and Yugoslavia the surrounding territory.
War Memorial Overlooking Trieste