The Turkish Army
at War

A Photo Essay

From the Magazine Collection of
Tony Langley

From the German War Magazine Leiziger Illustrirte Zeitung
[See below for further information.]

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Marching to the Front, 1915

Red Sea Coastal Arab Tribesmen, Sinai Front

Artillery Observation Unit

Turkish Officers Recruiting at Medina

Turkisk Red Crescent Transporting Wounded, Sinai Front

Naval Infantry at Dardanelles

Trenches at Gallipoli

Turkish Red Crescent First-Aid Unit
The Magazines in this collection are mostly those of the Central Powers, particularly Germany. Leiziger Illustrirte Zeitung (the Leipzig Illustrated Magazine) was undoubtedly the most prestigious and renowned German news magazine of the time. Printed in German in Berlin, Vienna, Budapest and New York editions. It featured lavish color illustrations, often in two-page spreads along with plentiful photographs, drawings, illustrations and artwork as well as text articles by Germany's leading artists and writers. While somewhat stuffy and old-fashioned in appearance, it upheld its foremost place in German journalism throughout the war, suffering little from material shortages, even in 1918 and 1919. This magazine reported almost exclusively on war-news during the war years but like most German magazines tended to shun showing images of fighting and battle.

Other periodicals represented here include: Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung, a more 'newspapery' illustrated magazine published in Berlin and aimed at a more middle-class clientele; Die Welt, a small weekly newsmagazine, featuring a number of standard news agency photography and war office official comminqués along with regular news-items of the more anecdotal kind; Der Krieg 1914, one of dozens of magazine especially created to report war-news and publish war-photographs.

Enver Pasha & German Field Marshall von Mackenesen

In Bulgaria Heading for Rumania

Machine-Gunners in the Caucasus

Troops in Galicia Fighting Russians, 1916

Anatolian Recruits Arriving at RR Station

Prisoners in the Caucasus

Camp in Mesopotamia

German Medical Volunteers, incl. Dr. Koch
Tony Langley on His Collection:
I have never counted my books and magazines and certainly haven't the heart to start now. There are at least several thousand individual issues of about 200 separate war-time publications. All are original issues of magazines printed during 1914-1919. I started collecting them about 10 years ago, finding them mostly in secondhand bookshops, book and military fairs and at flea markets in Belgium and France.

Some publications are complete with all war-time issues from August 1914 to 1918/1919, but most are not. They range from glossy high-class news and art publications, to middle-class and working class publications of all kinds : illustrated news magazines, special war magazines, lavish serial history publications, children's magazines, humor, girly and cultural magazines, trench newspapers, special war-photography publications, propaganda publications for occupied territories, (illustrated) penny novels, family, sports and even gardening magazines, all of which devoted a more or less explicit number of pages and articles to war-related events. Included are magazines from the UK, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, USA, Russia, the Netherlands and Spain.

Far and away the most numerous and the most varied are those from Germany. The most modern in appearance featuring the best photography in the sense of showing fighting, action and the more gruesome and grisly aspects of warfare were undoubtedly French magazines. Belgian magazines were allowed publication under German censorship but given an unbelievable amount of leeway in content but little in the way of raw material. British publications were unbelievably patriotic at times, to almost the absurd, the working class magazines featuring artwork that is highly mindful of modern comic book art.

Since newspapers and magazines (aside from gossip word of mouth and official bulletins posted on government buildings) were the only method of garnering news during the Great War, these publications give an extremely varied and fascinating account of how the war was seen by the general public. It was not what we now read in modern publications and see in documentaries. News was overtly propagandistic, stirring, patriotic and extremely biased. These illustrated magazines sold extremely well, most featuring numerous photographs or illustrations, most of these invariably supplied by specialist news agencies that sold news photographs throughout the world. Photos were also sold to both sides through intermediary of neutral countries, so photos of both sides were easily available for all countries.

For thousands of images and articles from Tony's Collection Visit His Website
The Great War in a Different Light

Military Band in Damascus

On Parade

Soldier Saying Farewell to Family

Para-Military Boy Scouts

Machine Gun Team

Dancing Turks!

Watching a German U-Boat in the Dardanelles

Artillery Battery Firing

For further information on the events of 1914-1918 visit the homepage of

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Additions and comments on these pages may be directed to:
Michael E. Hanlon regarding content,
or to Mike Iavarone regarding form and function.
Original artwork & copy; © 1998-2003, The Great War Society