Tuesday, 8-Jun-1915 - The Boston American

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Here's something that I hope will be of special interest. It's the front page of The Boston American newspaper from Tuesday, 8-Jun-1915. This was not a date of special significance - just another day early in the war. It gives us a good feel for the mood of this period before America, as a nation, was directly involved in the great European conflict. Note that the Germans and Austrians have not yet become "The Hun", although the headline story has the rumblings of the war to come. All of the news items from this front page have been transcribed below.

This original newspaper was obtained from ø Jim Lyons' Historic Newspapers.

The Boston American for Tuesday, 8-Jun-1915

Cabinet Sees Draft of Reply

By A. M. Jamieson
Special Correspondent of the International News Service

WASHINGTON, June 8. - President Wilson today emphatically stated to callers that there had been no delay in sending American rejoinder to Germany. He ridiculed reports that a split had occurred among his advisers over the matter, or that the note had been changed in any vital particular since the original draft was read to the Cabinet last Friday.

The President told his visitors that extreme care had been exercised in the preparation of the reply, and that it would be sent to Germany as soon as it was finished. He declared he expected to read it to the Cabinet today for final suggestion, and that shortly thereafter it would be ready for transmission.

With some show of indignation, the President said the government could not write the note as fast as some newspapers desired him to, and that the speculation over the alleged delay embarrassed him greatly. He said it had created an initial impression across the Atlantic which was likely to become permanent.

Many suggestions had been made at the last cabinet meeting, the President added, and some of them had been accepted. None changed the general character of the note however.

Secretary of State Bryan was among these who made suggestions, but the president scouted.reports that there had been any differences of opinion between them. President Wilson said he saw nothing unsatisfactory about the German note relating to the Gulflight and the Cushing, but would pursue the subject further.

He said he had not been informed to what procedure would be followed in the Gulflight case, now that the German government had admitted responsibility for damage to her. A partial report had been received about the Nebraskan, the President stated, but complete information is yet to come.

Special Correspondent of the International News Service

WASHINGTON, June 8.- That a difference of opinion between the members of the cabinet over the terms of the note to Germany became known definitely when Secretary Bryan went to the White House and, after a talk with the President, took the note back to the State Department to couch it in the phraseology which he thought should be employed.

The note as originally phrased by the President and as revised by Secretary Bryan in the evening, with the assistance of Counselor Lansing, was to be considered by the full Cabinet today and a decision reached on its final terms.

Another and most important question to be considered by the Cabinet today was whether or not it is advisable for the United States to send a firm note to Great Britain demanding all rights for American commerce under international law at the same time the note to Germany is forwarded. Secretary Bryan is of the opinion that this should be done.


The International News Service today learned on the highest authority that Secretary Bryan had proposed such a note at the time the first note was sent to Germany, and had then urged that the issues now between the two nations and the United States be made synchronously. The President and the Cabinet disagreed with Secretary Bryan and decided that the issues should be made separately.

Since then Mr. Bryan has urged repeatedly that the note which he had prepared, protesting against Great Britain's infringements on the rights of American commerce, should be forwarded but he has not succeeded in obtaining the authority of the President and the cabinet to send it.

It is understood Secretary Bryan did not fully approve of the length to which the President went in his "strict accountability" note to many. The Secretary of State, it is said, would have continued the American protest to the unlawful action of Germany in taking the lives of American citizens traveling the high seas upon an unarmed vessel with a demand for reparation for the loss of those lives and an assurance that Germany would commit no further unlawful acts imperiling the safety of Americans.

President Wilson's note went further than that. It demanded that Germany cease her submarine warfare against all merchant vessels, as it was practically impossible in his view for a submarine to make "visit and search" as required by international law, before torpedoing such vessel.

When it came to framing the second note to Germany several members of the Cabinet were very strongly of the opinion that it should be couched in even more vigorous terms than had been employed in the first note. Their argument was that these are no times for a display of weakness.

If there was weakness in the American demand, the German foreign office would quickly discover it, they said, and as quickly reject the demands. If we wanted our demands granted, they argued, the only way to insure their being granted would be to put them in such terms as would make Germany feel she could not afford to refuse.

President Wilson himself was not inclined - and from the best information obtainable with respect to his present intention is not inclined - to make the demands of his first note less vigorous in the second communication now being framed.

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Keg Was Ordered by Nurse

HAVERHILL, June 8. - Miss Alice Marshall, superintendent of the Tuberculosis Hospital resumed the stand today at the hearing of charges against her and submitted to a cross-examination at the hands of Scott Peters, the prosecuting attorney. Miss Marshall was calm and collected.

That she was ordered to serve beer and whiskey to patients, among them Wilson Melrose, the actor, and that she used to order a keg of beer from the city supply agent, were some of the facts brought out in today's examination. She is charged with being inefficient and incompetent in her administration of the hospital's affairs.

Today's testimony reads:

Q.- You knew that consumption is largely caused by drink, don't you?
A.- Yes.
Q.- Did you always recognize Dr. Clark as your head physician?
A.- Yes.
Q.- Did you think it proper to serve liquor as a beverage?
A.- No.
Q.- Did you ever order any served to patients?
A.- I did.
Q.- Did you ever have an order directing you to serve liquor to patients?
A.- I did.
Q.- What kind of an order?
A.- An oral order, from the doctor to serve Wilson Melrose.
Q.- Did you serve Melrose?
A.- I did.
Q.- In what way?
A.- In his egg nog.
Q.- Did you serve liquor in the diet without orders?
A.- I did.
Q.- Did you serve liquor to patients that Dr. Clark saw every day?
A.- I did.
Q.- You phoned Lewis Savage, supply agent at the City Farm, and asked him to send you a case of beer?
A.- I did.
Q.- About how many patients were at the hospital when you served beer and whiskey?
A.- Nine male patients.

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Teutons Winning in the East

VIENNA, June 8. - The occupation of Lemburg, the capital of Galicia, by the Austro-German forces is expected before the end of the present week. Steadily progress is being made by the two armies which are converging upon Lemberg from the West and South.

It is reported that the Austro-German armies are about ready to begin a bombardment of the Russian forts defending the city. These works have been greatly strengthened by the Russian General Staff since the Russian army of occupation seized the city.

Special Correspondent of the International News Service

BERLIN, June 8.- Victory is crowning Austro-German arms all along the line in the eastern theatre of war. In the Baltic provinces of Russia the German forces which crossed the Windau river are advancing. In northern and western Poland attempts of the Russians to renew the offensive in order to relieve the Austro-German pressure in Galicia are being successfully repulsed, according to advices from the front.

The Russian army on the San River has had its progress effectually checked by the arrival of German reinforcements west of Rudnik, and the Slavs are officially reported to have evacuated Sleniawa.

It is declared that the whole Russian campaign is on the verge of collapse. The Austro-German armies advancing toward Lemberg are upon the point of investing the city. The tactics pursued toward Lemberg are the same as those used against Przemysl.

Teutonic forces are working to take the fortress upon two sides at once. Along the Dneister River, south of Lemberg, and on the Bukowlna frontier the Russians are said to be retiring.

The Teutonic successes in the East are the result of the most terrific efforts yet made against the Russians by the Germans and Austrians. All available men, arms and ammunition have been poured into that theatre.

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Anita Turnbull Bride of a Real American Baron

Beatrice Anita Baldwin Turnbull, who recently lost her fight for a third of the $11,000,000 estate of "Lucky" Baldwin, is today Baroness de Patterson, the wife of America's only real baron, Andrew Vincent Patterson of New York, but only after overcoming legal and religious obstacles to her wedding that would have daunted a couple less determined.

The baroness and her husband left Boston early today for New York, after expressing their heartfelt thanks to Thomas Connolly, secretary to Governor Walsh, Congressman Holden Tinkham, and Assistant City Messenger Charles E. Silloway, all of whom had to be called in before anyone could be found who would marry them.

They were finally married by Mr. Silloway, a Justice of the Peace, at Mr. Silloway's home in Rockland.

(photo caption) Beatrice Anita Baldwin Turnbull, now Baroness de Patterson, and the Baron.

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Says Lord Approves of Billy Sunday

"I know Billy Sunday and I love him," said Dr. Charles R. Erdman, professor of practical theology at Princeton Theological Seminary, speaking before the Boston Baptist Social Union and their guests, the faculty and senior class of the Newton Theological Institution, who attended the dinner and meeting of the union in Ford Hall. "I don't expect everyone to agree with me in regard to Billy Sunday," said Professor Erdman, "but it may be said of him as the Bishop of London said of the Salvation Army, when asked he replied solemnly, 'but it is very evident the Lord does.' "

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40 Rescued from Ship Caught in Ice

ST. JOHN'S N.F., June 8. - The fishing schooner Henrietta Francis was found in the mouth of Bonavista bay by the mail steamer Fogota badly damaged by the ice and with the forty persons she was carrying to Labrador missing. It was feared that all had perished until a report came from another part of the coast that all had been landed safely by another fishing schooner.

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'Ghost' of Lady of Crystal Lake Routs Watchman

When Harold Weir, night watchman at the Crystal Lake icehouse, Newton Centre, said he saw the ghost of a drowned woman float by, the prosaic people of Newton, which is a "dry" town, pooh-poohed the idea that spirits were abroad. But now comes William Smith, freight clerk at the Newton Centre railroad station corroborating Weir and Weir has quit his weird job cold.

Weir was a schoolmate of Elsie Carroll, who committed suicide in Crystal Lake four years ago. Late in May, Weir was patrolling the lonely shores of the lake at night when, he says, he saw a figure rise from the water, float toward him and then recede. He admits he was scared, but to reassure himself that it was only a bit of scudding fog he threw stones at the figure, and was dismayed to see it turn, float back toward him, and then pass on up over his head. He clutched at it and grasped - nothing!

"The ghost, for it was a ghost," said Weir, "passed so close that I could see its pale features. Above the clinging white garments of the apparition loomed a woman's face. It was unmistakable. The features were those of Elsie Carroll. I knew her well."

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Rupture Because of Damage to Goeben

By International News Service

ATHENS, June 8. - Advices today from Constantinople say that owing to a rupture between Admiral Souchan, commander of the Turko-German fleet and Captain Von Mueller of the Goeben, the latter will be recalled to Berlin. Von Mueller is deemed responsible for the irreparable damage suffered by the Goeben.

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Rockland Firm Gets War Order for Shoes

ROCKLAND, June 8. - The Rice & Hutchins shoe factory has received another large war order for 250,000 pairs of shoes, to be made as soon as possible. This is practically a duplicate of a similar order received not long ago, and means increasing the force of employees from 1,100 to 1,500, and overtime work. The contract cannot be completed before some time in the Fall.

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One-Cent Street Car Line Paying

CLEVELAND, June 8.- Indications today were that the one-cent car line, the only one in operation in the United States, will prove a paying proposition. Three cars are operated. The fare is one cent if the passenger has the change, otherwise he must pay five cents or a three-cent car ticket. Sunday the line's receipts were $57, and $50 was collected yesterday.

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Report Peace in Ceylon Restored

By International News Service

LONDON, June 8.- An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Ceylon today says tranquillity has been restored after the recent Buddhist riots, but the sailings of the P. and O. and Bibby Line steamers have been badly delayed.

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Germans Increase Pressure on Czar's Lines in Poland

Personal Correspondent of the International News Service

PETROGRAD, June 8. - Violent fighting between the Germans and Russians is developing in Poland. In northern Poland, north of Ostroleka between the Rozoga and Szkwa rivers, the Germans are struggling to renew their offensive. Farther to the south in the region of Przasnysz a great artillery duel has developed. Official reports indicate that the Russians have begun to press hard against Field Marshal Von Hindenberg's German forces in Poland to offset the Austro-German pressure in Galicia.

The Russian War Office, in an official communiqué today, admits that the Austro-German forces of General Von Lisengen have forced a crossing of the Dneister river south of Lemberg.

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Two Norwegian Ships are Sunk by Submarines

Special Correspondent of the International News Service

LONDON, June 8.- Reports of the sinking of two neutral ships, both of Norwegian nationality, by German submarines, were received here today. The victims were the bark Superb and the steamship Trudvang.

The Trudvang was attacked and sank just south of St. George's channel, off St. Anne's head, Wales. All the members of her crew were saved. The bark Superb was sent to the bottom in the Atlantic off Fastnet, an island at the extreme southwestern point of Ireland. She was bound from Buenos Ayres to Queenstown with a cargo of grain. The Trudvang was a vessel of 1,040 tons hailing from Bergen. She was 224 feet long and was built in 1897. The Superb was a sailing ship of 1,515 tons.

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New Dance to Take Place of 'Vulgar' Trots

SAN FRANCISCO, June 8.- The grizzly bear, turkey trot, bunny hug, Argentine tango and all kindred dances are vulgar and barbarous, according to the decree of the International Association of Dancing Masters now holding a six-day convention here. These dances must be abolished, the masters assert.

To assure the doing away with them, the sixty-five leading masters of the United States and Canada will evolve a new dance, a happy medium between the modern steps and the old-fashioned two-step and waltz. The name of the new dance will be announced late this week.

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Teuton Submarine Sunk at Dardanelles

By International News Service

PARIS, June 8.- A submarine, believed to be of Austrian nationality, has been sunk by the Anglo-French fleet at the western entrance to the Dardanelles, says a dispatch from Mitylene today. The presence of an Austrian submarine in the Dardanelles sphere would indicate that Austria as well as Germany is placing her war supplies at the disposal of the Turks.

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8 German Musicians Renounce Kaiser

NEW YORK, June 8.- After playing the "Star Spangled Banner" with vim and enthusiasm in front of the Federal building in Brooklyn, a German street band of eight pieces marched into the office of Chief Clerk Percy Gilkes of the United States District Court and in a body renounced allegiance to Kaiser Wilhelm. Each of the eight received his first papers, after the usual questioning.

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2 Trawlers Sunk, 6 Fishers Shot Dead

LONDON, June 8.- Six fishermen were shot dead and one wounded by shell fire when the trawlers Arctic and Adolf - the latter Russian - were sunk in the North Sea without warning by submarines.

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Today's Lineup

  • Quinlan, c.f.
  • Schalk, c.
  • E. Collins, 2b.
  • Fournier, l.f.
  • J. Collins, r.f.
  • Weaver, s.s.
  • Brief, lb.
  • Breton, 3b.
  • Benz, p.
  • Hooper, r.f.
  • Wagner, 2b.
  • Gainer, c.f.
  • Lewis, l.f.
  • Hoblitzell, 1b.
  • Scott, s.s.
  • Gardner, 3b.
  • Thomas, c.
  • Collins, p.
  • Moran, r.f.
  • Fitzpatrick, 2b.
  • Connolly, l.f.
  • Magee, c.f.
  • Schmidt, 1b.
  • Smith, 3b.
  • Maranville, s.s.
  • Whaling, c.
  • James, p.
  • Leach, c.f.
  • Herzog, s.s.
  • Killifer, l.f.
  • Groh, 2b,
  • Griffith, r.f.
  • Olson, 3b.
  • Mellwitz, 1b.
  • Clark, c.
  • Ames, p.

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Deny Germany Wants Peace With Russia

BERLlN, June 8.- The official newspaper, Lokal Anzeiger, in an article which bears the earmarks of having been "inspired," strongly resents the recent assertions of Sergius Sazonoff, the Russian Foreign Minister, that Germany is secretly trying to conclude peace with Russia. "There is no earthly reason why Germany should wish to seek peace with Russia at this time," says the Lokal Anzeiger.

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Armed German Craft is Sunk by British

LONDON, June 8.- The German armed steamer Hermann Von Wissmann has been destroyed near Sphinxhaven, according to an official statement by the British press bureau.

The Hermann Von Wissmann was destroyed by shell fire of a British naval force. The steamer has been lying in Lake Nyassa, Southeast Africa, since her disablement by the Nyassaland steamer Gwendolyn last August. Sphinxhaven is in German territory. It was bombarded and captured May 30.

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The Weather

Fair tonight and Wednesday. Cooler tonight, moderate westerly winds.

Sun rises 4:07; sets 7:19; moon rises 1:21 a.m.; high tide 8:15 a.m.; 8:30 p.m.

Temperatures till 10 a.m.: Maximum 63 at 10 a.m.; minimum 53 at 1 a.m. average 57.1. Temperature at 10 a.m. 63.

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