Doughboy Center

The Story of the American Expeditionary Forces

5th Division






A - E

Includes All Service Branches and Volunteers

Capt. Harry S. Truman

Presented by the Great War Society

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Adler, Julius Ochs
306th Infantry, 77th Division

A member of the family owning the New York Times, Major Adler was immortalized in Laurence Stalling's, THE DOUGHBOYS for his daring leadership in capturing the town of Saint-Juvin in the Argonne Forest. During World War II he commanded the 77th Division in Hawaii He would go on to to become the General Manager of the newspaper.

Alexander, Grover Cleveland
322nd Field Artillery

Baseball great who was an early volunteer for war service. Portrayed by Ronald Regan in the movies


Allen, Hervey
28th Division

The best selling author of ANTHONY ADVERSE served with the AEF. He also wrote a memoir of his service days called TOWARD THE FLAME which describes the Second Battle of the Marne.


Arch, Alex
6th Field Artillery, 1st Division

Credited with pulling the lanyard on the French 75 which fired the first shot in anger of the AEF against German forces. It occured at Xanrey in the Luneville sector on October 23, 1917. Sgt. Arch commanded a piece in Battery C.


Armstrong, Edwin
Signal Corps

The "Father of FM Radio" before the war, Captain Armstrong had improved the De Forest tube turning it into a transmitter as well as a receiver. He provided great help to the AEF ground and air units, effectively creating their radio systems from scratch. Before he left Paris, he invented the superterodyne receiver which was essential for operating the first broadcast station, KDKA of Pittsburgh, in 1920.


Banker, Grace
Signal Corps, HQ First Army

Chief Operator for the telephone network of the AEF. She won the DSM for her work in France leading the group known as the "Hello Girls" and went home to a happy life as a mom and housewife.


Baskerville, Charles
42nd Division

After winning a Silver Star as an infantry lieutenant, Charles Baskerville became a noted painter and was the Official Portrait Painter for the Army Air Force in World War II.


Bechtel, Steven
20th Engineering Battalion

Later helped expand father's San Francisco based construction business to the largest in the world. His ideas on large-scale project management grew out of his military experience with the AEF.


Beebe, C. William
US Air Service, Unit Unknown

US naturalist who developed bathysphere for ocean exploration after serving as a combat aviator in France. Information on his war service requested.


Black, Hugo
81st Field Artillery; 7th Division

Became US Senator from Alabama and Supreme Court justice.

Bogart, Humphrey
USS Leviathan

The future Hollywood legend enlisted in the Navy and served as a seaman on a troop transport. He received his orders just before the Armistice so his ship's mission involved returning troops home from France. Bogie once had to fire his .45 automatic on a prisoner attempting an escape.


Raynal Bolling

Bolling, Raynal
TDY from War Department

A leader of the still new aircraft industry, Bolling was commissioned as a Major and placed in charge of a commission sent to France to evaluate requirements for the US air effort. The reports of Bolling's group served as the basis for both aircraft production and deployment in France. Today, US Air Force Headquarters are at Bolling Air Force Base.


Brennan, Walter
101st Fld Artillery; 26th Division

Entertained troops part-time and later said Doughboys were his toughest audience. Got his big movie break when a director learned he could bray like a donkey - a skill he had learned in France; three-time Academy Award winning actor.

Butler, Smedley
Camp Pontanezen, Brest

The key US entry facility was commanded by USMC Brig. General Smedley 'Old Gimlet Eye' Butler who was famous for previously winning two Medals of Honor for separate acts of heroism. Butler somehow got involved with Bonus Marcher movement in the 1930s after his retirement.


Cain, James M.
HQ Company, 79th division

Baltimore newsman who rote a sensational first hand account of war in the Argonne: "The Taking of Montfaucon". Cain later wrote the classic noir novel: "The Postman Always Rings Twice".


Campbell, Douglas
94th Aero Squadron

First ace of the American Air Service. He was injured shortly afterwards and finished his service with six enemy aircraft downed. Went on to live a long life.



Carret, Philip
Signal Corps; Air Service

Harvard-educated, Carret won a commission in the Signal Corps and, like another communications officer named Billy Mitchell, decided to become an aviator. Still in training at the time of the Armistice, he went on to found the world's first mutual fund called the Fidelity Mutual Trust [now the Pioneer Funds]. In living to the age of 101, Carret got to see the Dow Jones average exceed 9000 and indulge his passion for viewing total solar eclipses nineteen times.


Cates, Clifton
6th Marines, 2nd Division

One of the most decorated junior officers of the Great War. Cates also served with distinction in WWII and finished his career as Commandant of the Marine Corps.


Clark, Bennett [Champ]

Son of the Speaker of the US House of Representatives who had oppossed entry into the war by America. Served capably and advanced to rank of colonel. Later became one of the seventeen charter members of the American Legion. Made a career in politics and after being elected US Senatort became an ardent isolationist, eventually breaking with the American Legion over neutrality politics.


Clayton, Bertram Tracy
Quartermaster, 1st Division

The senior West Point graduate to be killed in the Great War. Col. Clayton was a former US Congressman.

Clark, Mark
5th Division / HQ 1st Army

Wounded as company commander in Vosges; became food supply specialist at 1st Army HQ. Led US forces in Italy in WWII and later in Korea.

Cobb, Ty
Chemical Warfare Service

All time baseball great; hit 385 in 1919 after return. Served in France, but did not see action.

Cooper, Meriam
Air Service, Sq. Unknown

As a young adventurer, Cooper flew as an observer in France and as a pilot with the American volunteer squadron to Poland in the Russo-Polish war. He made his way to Hollywood and became a film producer and director, his most famous project being the original and classic King Kong. During World War II he returned to active service and became Chief of Staff to Claire Chennault, completing the war as a Brig. General. Returning to Hollywood he resumed a long-standing association with John Ford producing such epics as The Searchers.


Crandall, Marion G.
Martin, Winona Caroline


The only female members of the YMCA to be killed by enemy fire in the war, although illness also took a tremendous toll. Miss Crandall was killed by enemy artillery near Ste. Menehould; Miss Martin was killed in a Paris air raid.


Dr. Cushing

Cushing, Harvey, Jr.
Medical Corps

Considered the greatest neurosurgeon of the 20th century, Cushing's many medical accomplishments before, during and after the war were supplemented by a brilliant writing career. He wrote an excellent memoir of his service and a Pulitzer Prize winning biography of Osler.


Daly, Dan
6th Marines, 2nd Division

Gunnery Sgt. Daly, a veteran of the Boxer Rebellion in Peking, and two-time Medal of Honor winner, posed the immortal question to his men at Belleau Woods, "Come on, ya sons of bitches, do you wnat to live forever?"


Dawes, Charles
HQ AEF / Services of Supply

Lawyer friend from Pershing's days in Nebraska who proved to be highly adept purchasing agent for the AEF. Later would be elected US Vice-President and would win the Nobel Peace Prize for his war reparations repayment plan.


Delano, Jane A.
Red Cross

The former head of the US Army Nursing service, and director of the Red Cross Nursing Service in France during World War I, Miss Delano died of illness complicated by the Spanish Flu in 1919.


Dirksen, Everett
69th Balloon Observer Company

Starting as an artillery officer he served as an observer from balloons for 60 days; served as intelligence officer during occupation; became Republican Senate leader in 1960's

Disney, Walt
Red Cross

Served in Paris at end of war as a very young Ambulance Driver.


Wild Bill Donovan

Donovan, William
165th Inf. Rgt. [Fighting 69th], 42nd Div.

Medal of Honor winner; wounded 3 times; organized OSS in World War II. Portrayed in Hollywood epic THE FIGHTING 69th.


Dos Passos, John
Volunteer & US Army Ambulance Services

Ambulance driver in Italy in 1918 where he met Hemingway. Later enlisted as private in US ambulance corps; later wrote "Three Soldiers" and other works touching on the war.


Douglas, Lewis
91st Division

After being gassed as an infantry officer in the Argonne Forest, Lewis recovered to have a distinguished as an educator, businessman, congressman, government official and diplomat. During WWII he was a major figure in the US Shipping Board and became Ambassador to the Court of St. James afterwards.


Drum, Hugh
HQ First Army

Brilliant 39 year old Brigadier General who served as Chief of Staff of the AEF's First Army. Had a post-war career at the top of corporate America.


Father Duffy

Duffy, Father Francis
165th Inf. Rgt. (Fighting 69th), 42nd Div.

Beloved chaplain of New York National Guard unit and civic leader.



Eichelberger, Robert L.
AEF, Siberia

Made interesting observations about Japanese military after service with the American forces in Siberia. In WWII commanded Armies against Japan in New Guinea and Leyte campaigns.


Ellsworth, Lincoln
Pilot Trainee in France

Arrived too late for action. Later became first pilot to fly over both N. And S. Poles. Claimed large sections of Antarctica for US.

Enright, Thomas
Gresham, James B.
Hay, Merle D.

16th Infantry, 1st Division

First three members of the AEF to die in the Great War. All KIA in a trench raid November 3, 1917. They were members of the first American contingent which paraded in Paris on July 4th earlier in the year.


Ervin, Sam
28th Infantry; 1st Division

Wounded in Aisne-Marne offensive; lawyer, judge, US Senator; headed Watergate Investigative Committee.


James Reese Europe

Europe, James
369th Infantry Regiment

Friend of Eubie Blake and leader of the best band of the AEF, that of the Harlem Hell-Fighters of the 369th Infantry. His Sergeant Major, Noble Sissle, was equally famous. Europe's career ended soon after the war with his death by stabbing.


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