A - E
Adler, Julius Ochs
A member of the family owning the New York Times, Major Adler was immortalized in Laurence Stalling's, THE DOUGHBOYS for his daring leadership in capturing the town of Saint-Juvin in the Argonne Forest. During World War II he commanded the 77th Division in Hawaii He would go on to to become the General Manager of the newspaper.
The best selling author of ANTHONY ADVERSE served with the AEF. He also wrote a memoir of his service days called TOWARD THE FLAME which describes the Second Battle of the Marne.
Credited with pulling the lanyard on the French 75 which fired the first shot in anger of the AEF against German forces. It occured at Xanrey in the Luneville sector on October 23, 1917. Sgt. Arch commanded a piece in Battery C.
The "Father of FM Radio" before the war, Captain Armstrong had improved the De Forest tube turning it into a transmitter as well as a receiver. He provided great help to the AEF ground and air units, effectively creating their radio systems from scratch. Before he left Paris, he invented the superterodyne receiver which was essential for operating the first broadcast station, KDKA of Pittsburgh, in 1920.
Signal Corps, HQ First Army
Chief Operator for the telephone network of the AEF. She won the DSM for her work in France leading the group known as the "Hello Girls" and went home to a happy life as a mom and housewife.
After winning a Silver Star as an infantry lieutenant, Charles Baskerville became a noted painter and was the Official Portrait Painter for the Army Air Force in World War II.
Beebe, C. William
US naturalist who developed bathysphere for ocean exploration after serving as a combat aviator in France. Information on his war service requested.
Became US Senator from Alabama and Supreme Court justice.
The future Hollywood legend enlisted in the Navy and served as a seaman on a troop transport. He received his orders just before the Armistice so his ship's mission involved returning troops home from France. Bogie once had to fire his .45 automatic on a prisoner attempting an escape.
Entertained troops part-time and later said Doughboys were his toughest audience. Got his big movie break when a director learned he could bray like a donkey - a skill he had learned in France; three-time Academy Award winning actor.
The key US entry facility was commanded by USMC Brig. General Smedley 'Old Gimlet Eye' Butler who was famous for previously winning two Medals of Honor for separate acts of heroism. Butler somehow got involved with Bonus Marcher movement in the 1930s after his retirement.
Cain, James M.
Baltimore newsman who rote a sensational first hand account of war in the Argonne: "The Taking of Montfaucon". Cain later wrote the classic noir novel: "The Postman Always Rings Twice".
First ace of the American Air Service. He was injured shortly afterwards and finished his service with six enemy aircraft downed. Went on to live a long life.
Harvard-educated, Carret won a commission in the Signal Corps and, like another communications officer named Billy Mitchell, decided to become an aviator. Still in training at the time of the Armistice, he went on to found the world's first mutual fund called the Fidelity Mutual Trust [now the Pioneer Funds]. In living to the age of 101, Carret got to see the Dow Jones average exceed 9000 and indulge his passion for viewing total solar eclipses nineteen times.
One of the most decorated junior officers of the Great War. Cates also served with distinction in WWII and finished his career as Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Son of the Speaker of the US House of Representatives who had oppossed entry into the war by America. Served capably and advanced to rank of colonel. Later became one of the seventeen charter members of the American Legion. Made a career in politics and after being elected US Senatort became an ardent isolationist, eventually breaking with the American Legion over neutrality politics.
Clayton, Bertram Tracy
Wounded as company commander in Vosges; became food supply specialist at 1st Army HQ. Led US forces in Italy in WWII and later in Korea.
All time baseball great; hit 385 in 1919 after return. Served in France, but did not see action.
As a young adventurer, Cooper flew as an observer in France and as a pilot with the American volunteer squadron to Poland in the Russo-Polish war. He made his way to Hollywood and became a film producer and director, his most famous project being the original and classic King Kong. During World War II he returned to active service and became Chief of Staff to Claire Chennault, completing the war as a Brig. General. Returning to Hollywood he resumed a long-standing association with John Ford producing such epics as The Searchers.
Crandall, Marion G.
The only female members of the YMCA to be killed by enemy fire in the war, although illness also took a tremendous toll. Miss Crandall was killed by enemy artillery near Ste. Menehould; Miss Martin was killed in a Paris air raid.
Gunnery Sgt. Daly, a veteran of the Boxer Rebellion in Peking, and two-time Medal of Honor winner, posed the immortal question to his men at Belleau Woods, "Come on, ya sons of bitches, do you wnat to live forever?"
Lawyer friend from Pershing's days in Nebraska who proved to be highly adept purchasing agent for the AEF. Later would be elected US Vice-President and would win the Nobel Peace Prize for his war reparations repayment plan.
Delano, Jane A.
The former head of the US Army Nursing service, and director of the Red Cross Nursing Service in France during World War I, Miss Delano died of illness complicated by the Spanish Flu in 1919.
Starting as an artillery officer he served as an observer from balloons for 60 days; served as intelligence officer during occupation; became Republican Senate leader in 1960's
Served in Paris at end of war as a very young Ambulance Driver.
Dos Passos, John
Ambulance driver in Italy in 1918 where he met Hemingway. Later enlisted as private in US ambulance corps; later wrote "Three Soldiers" and other works touching on the war.
After being gassed as an infantry officer in the Argonne Forest, Lewis recovered to have a distinguished as an educator, businessman, congressman, government official and diplomat. During WWII he was a major figure in the US Shipping Board and became Ambassador to the Court of St. James afterwards.
Brilliant 39 year old Brigadier General who served as Chief of Staff of the AEF's First Army. Had a post-war career at the top of corporate America.
Arrived too late for action. Later became first pilot to fly over both N. And S. Poles. Claimed large sections of Antarctica for US.
First three members of the AEF to die in the Great War. All KIA in a trench raid November 3, 1917. They were members of the first American contingent which paraded in Paris on July 4th earlier in the year.
Wounded in Aisne-Marne offensive; lawyer, judge, US Senator; headed Watergate Investigative Committee.
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